Species

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.)

Timothy adapts well to a variety of soil types. As it is a shallow rooted, bunchgrass, it performs best with regular rainfall and good fertility. Timothy had good winter hardiness and does well on waterlogged soils. It tolerates a range in pH 4.5 to 7.8, but does not tolerate salinity and alkalinity.

Contract Quality The quality specs of the contract influence the field selection, in terms of weed issues. Some weed issues to consider are, catchfly, cleavers alsike, and Canada thistle.

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Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea)

Tall fescue is a deep-rooted, perennial bunch grass. It develops a relatively deep root system and has some salinity tolerance. Varieties are broadly split into two categories for end user. Turf type tall fescue and forage type call fescues. A turf type tall fescue is bred for turf characteristics such as leaf colour, height of growth, leaf fineness. Most North American turf varieties also contain endophytes, please see our endophytes section for more details. Forage type tall fescues are bred for feed characteristics, such as feed quality, hay yield, and palatability.

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Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)

Perennial ryegrass is a bunchgrass with a relatively shallow, fibrous root system. It grows to a height of approximately 2’ (60 cm). Varieties are broadly split into two categories for the end user Turf type and forage type perennial ryegrass. The turf type varieties are bred for characteristics such as dark green colour, short growth habit and fine leaves. Most North American turf varieties also contain endophytes. Please consult our field staff for more details on endophytes.

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