Timothy (Phleum pratense L.)

Timothy adapts well to a variety of soil types. As it is a shallow rooted, bunchgrass, it performs best with regular rainfall and good fertility. Timothy had good winter hardiness and does well on waterlogged soils. It tolerates a range in pH 4.5 to 7.8, but does not tolerate salinity and alkalinity.

Contract Quality The quality specs of the contract influence the field selection, in terms of weed issues. Some weed issues to consider are, catchfly, cleavers alsike, and Canada thistle.

Seeding Seed companion crop at half the normal rate and reduce nitrogen levels. Cereals and flax work well as companion crops. When selecting a cereal variety, choose one that stands well and is early maturing. Cover crop lodging is a concern in getting a strong establishment.

Seeding depth up to ½ inch (1 cm)

Seeding rate 2 lb/acre (1 kg/acre)

Fertilizer 80 to 100 lbs N/acre (40 to 50 kgs/acre) Ensure nitrogen is available to the plant when it breaks dormancy in spring to achieve maximum yield potential.

Weed Control Grassy herbicides are best avoided. However, there are good broadleaf herbicides available for timothy seed production, consult our field staff for options.

Harvest Swathing of Timothy seed begins mid-August. Swathing timing is important to ensure maturity while minimizing shatter losses. Combining can start from 5 to 14 days after swathing. Timothy seed is easily thrashed. Seed is safe to store at 12% moisture or less. Resources such as moisture charts and combine settings are available.